Creation & Evolution Compatible or in Conflict
The Flood and Fossils Record
Jay Seegert – Creation Education Center — http://www.cecwisc.org/
It is science that proves there are fossils in various layers of the earth and we now know that the sedimentary layers contain literally billions of fossils. Fossils generally only form under rapid, catastrophic conditions in which living things get buried quickly; when and how they got there is a matter of “scientists’ opinions.”
Evolution teaches that approximately 3.8 billion years ago, a single-celled organism came into being that was able to reproduce itself and did so over and over for millions and millions of years. This led to the variety of life we see today. If this view is true, we should be able to discover supportive evidence of this not only in the fossil record but also in the laboratory.
Biblical creation posits that God created different “kinds” of creatures, fully formed right from the beginning, and although they could produce a variety of offspring, they always reproduce “after their own kind”, meaning there are limits to how far they can vary. As with the evolutionary model, if this view is correct, we should be able to see supportive evidence of this in the fossil record, as well as in the laboratory.
The evolutionary model would predict that between two supposedly directly related life forms, there would be a series of “intermediates,” representing the slow, gradual change of one creature into another.
The creation model would predict that although you might see a variety of a certain type of creature, there would be definite limits and each specimen would be fully formed, not simply “on its way” to becoming something else.
What we have observed through our scientific inquiry is that there exist large gaps between groups of creatures, such as in between invertebrates and vertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, reptiles and birds, etc. the trouble is that there’s not just one gap to fill and none of the gaps could be filled with a single or even a few missing links.
One of the best validations for a theory or model is how well actual discoveries line up with what was predicted. Both creationists and evolutionists agree that the fossil record contains a record of life forms that lived and died in the past.
Evolution predicts that the fossil record should show “simple” life forms appearing in the bottom layers of the earth because they came into being first and were here long before any multi-cellular life evolved.
Creationists predict that the progression from bottom to top (of the fossil record) would not represent less complex life forms becoming more complex over millions of years, but rather the order of catastrophic burial of creatures at the time of the Flood.
In the bottom layers (Cambrian and Precambrian), where evolutionists would expect to find the very first signs of the alleged initial “simple” single-celled organism, what we actually see is an incredible explosion of highly complex life coming out of virtually nowhere – virtually every major body plan appeared suddenly, out of nowhere, fully formed.
What we actually observe fits very well with the Genesis creation account, or more specifically, the catastrophic Flood model.
In layers believed to have been formed before the flood, we find fossils of single-celled creatures such as algae and mound formations formed by algae called stromatolites. The fossilization of these creatures requires calm environmental conditions, which is what we would expect prior to the Flood itself.
We find shallow seafood marine invertebrates in both layers believed to have been laid down in the earliest stages of the Flood and in almost every level of the fossil record. This is consistent with a catastrophic flood, but not with evolution and deposition over hundreds of millions of years. Fossils of fish have also been found in layers of the earth that present a challenge for evolution.
Fossil plants and amphibian and reptile footprints aren’t found until layers higher up. Footprints of land vertebrates are found lower in the rock record, but their bodies are only found in much higher layers. Dinosaurs aren’t seen until even higher layers and mammals aren’t seen until you reach the top.
This pattern fits the Flood geology so well because those living in the lower elevations, especially seafloor level, would be buried first. Others might be able to attempt to escape the rising Flood waters, hence leaving their tracks in one set of layers, but eventually not be able to keep up with the rising waters and be buried in later, higher up layers. Those that were the most mobile would typically be the last to be buried. There would have been many that were never buried at all, because they simply drowned.